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Samstag, 29. August 2020
Olivia Remie Constable: Wie ein Maure leben ---- christliche Wahrnehmungen islamischer Identität bis ins 18. Jahrhundert
Olivia Remie Constable. Edited by Robin Vose. Foreword by David Nirenberg To Live Like a MoorChristian Perceptions of Muslim Identity in Medieval and Early Modern Spain
"Because [Remie Constable] was always on the qui vive for new approaches and interests emerging in the profession, her work could put the medieval material she mined so well to the service of historians discovering those emerging topics even before they knew they wanted it. To pick but one example, whatever period they work in, the many historians who are becoming interested in the cultural work done by material culture — dress, food, housewares and furnishing, the things and objects we bear about our lives as we construct them — will find much inspiration in these pages. So too will those whose attention is increasingly tuned to questions of Islamic 'diasporas' in Christian Europe, both past and present. There is a great deal to learn from this book." — David Nirenberg, from the Foreword What do clothing, bathing, or dining habits reveal about one's personal religious beliefs? Nothing, of course, unless such outward bodily concerns are perceivedto hold some sort of spiritual significance. Such was the case in the multireligious world of medieval Spain, where the ways in which one dressed, washed, and fed the body were seen as potential indicators of religious affiliation. True faith might be a matter of the soul, but faith identitycould also literally be worn on the sleeve or reinforced through performance of the most intimate functions of daily life. The significance of these practices changed over time in the eyes of Christian warriors, priests, and common citizens who came to dominate all corners of the Iberian peninsula by the end of the fifteenth century. Certain "Moorish" fashions occasionally crossed over religious lines, while visits to a local bathhouse and indulgence in a wide range of exotic foods were frequently enjoyed by Muslims, Christians, and Jews alike. Yet at the end of the Middle Ages, attitudes hardened. With the fall of Granada, and the eventual forced baptism of all Spain's remaining Muslims, any perceived retention of traditional "Moorish" lifestyles might take on a sinister overtone of disloyalty and resistance. Distinctive clothing choices, hygienic practices, and culinary tastes could now lead to charges of secret allegiance to Islam. Repressive legislation, inquisitions, and ultimately mass deportations followed. To Live Like a Moortraces the many shifts in Christian perceptions of Islam-associated ways of life which took place across the centuries between early Reconquistaefforts of the eleventh century and the final expulsions of Spain's converted yet poorly assimilated Moriscopopulation in the seventeenth. Using a wealth of social, legal, literary, and religious documentation in this, her last book, Olivia Remie Constable revealed the complexities and contradictions underlying a historically notorious transition from pluralism to intolerance.